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How to Compost Food Waste with Bokashi

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How to Compost Food Waste with Bokashi
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Composting your food waste is one of the best things you can do for your garden and the environment. We love Earth Probiotic Bokashi composting system – enabling you to recycle all of your food waste back to the soil. Simply collect your food waste (including cooked or uncooked meat, bones, fish and dairy)and layer it with Earth Bokashi inside the airtight digester bin. Approximately 2.5L of food waste to one handful of Earth Bokashi. Once full leave to stand sealed for two weeks and then add to your existing compost heap or bin, trench into soil or feed to a worm farm. Within 8-12 you will have nutrient-rich compost for your garden. No more smelly bins and no more flies! Plus by diverting your waste from landfill you are doing your bit for the planet-saving 235Kg’s of CO2E per ton you recycle. Your questions answered…

What is Earth Bokashi?

Bokashi is an anaerobic fermentation composting method. The advantage of the bokashi system is that it allows ALL food waste to be composted.

When added to food-waste in an anaerobic digester these microbes work in symbiosis to ferment the waste thus preventing rotting and ridding it of pathogenic bacteria.

Bokashi was developed in 1980 by Prof. Teruo Higa a soil scientist from Japan.

Today bokashi is used all over the world as one of the solutions to reduce food waste going to landfill.

Earth Probiotic’s “Earth Bokashi” is made with South African indigenous microbes.

How to Compost Food Waste with Bokashi

How do I insert the tap in my bucket?

This is a simple and easy process and requires no glue.
Simply push the tap into the hole on the bucket. When you hear a “click” it’s inserted properly and will be leak proof.
If you’re struggling to insert the tap simply leave the bucket in the sun for about 10 minutes. This will soften the plastic and the tap can then be pushed in with ease.

I have “worms” in my bucket!

These are usually fly larvae.

There are two reasons for this:

1. Flies work very quickly and lay eggs in your food waste collection container. They then hatch in the bin but if it is kept closed they die from lack of oxygen – while adding a little more protein to your bin.

2. The flies get into the bin through an opening as the bin is not closed properly or the tap is left open. Always make sure your bin is closed and only opened once a day when you add your food waste into the bin.

An adult fly deposits eggs which mature into larvae within 8 to 24 hours. The larvae mature into pupa within 4 to 7 days. The pupa matures into an adult fly within 10 to 20 days.

However, these larvae (maggots) generally die in the bin as they do not have the required oxygen to survive.

This sounds very technical, is it easy to use?

Bokashi is an extremely easy system to use. All you do is follow a few simple steps and you’ll enjoy great success in recycling your food-scraps.

How to Compost Food Waste with Bokashi

Will my food-scraps smell in the Bokashi bin?

Because of the unique combination of microbes in bokashi the scraps ferment (pickle) and don’t rot. So there is no malodour only a pickling smell (which some people say smells like cider).

There is mould in my bucket!

White mould is good. The white mould is a beneficial fungus which helps suppress pathogens. If you have white mould it shows that your fermentation is going well. When added to soil this beneficial fungus helps with water retention and helps bind soil together.

Black/blue/green mould is bad. It shows that the fermentation has not worked properly. This is a rare occurrence and is the result of the bin not being closed properly (not anaerobic), not enough Bokashi has been used, and/or rotten food has been added to the bin.

What do I do with the Bokashi juice that I have drained off?

The liquid removed is loaded with microbes and nutrients and makes an extremely effective natural fertilizer. Bokashi juice is acidic and should be diluted at a rate of 1:300 parts water which can be used to fertilize your pot plants or garden.
A dilution of 1:500 is ideal for spraying onto foliage, do not spray directly onto blooms. Your plants will benefit from these nutrients and microbes with faster growth and bountiful blooms.
Remember to use the juice within 24 hours as it contains living bacteria, after this period the Bokashi juice loses its effectiveness.

What else is the Bokashi juice good for?

Use undiluted and pour down your drains. It will help keep the drains clean and odour free. It is very useful in preventing sludge from building up and blocking drainage in septic systems and is a good way to minimize problems in your septic system.

Reference – www.earthprobiotic.co.za

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